Subscription Letters to the Editor. Indian Pediatrics ; Saline Enemas - A Potential Hazard in Newborns Pneumoperitoneum m a newborn is commonly caused by necrotising enterocolitis or spontaneous gastric perforation. Occasionally outbreak of pneumoperitoneum has been reported in neonatal units due to iatrogenic rectal injuries 1.
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The insertion of foreign objects into the rectum intestinum of Homo sapiens is nothing new. As you'll remember from history class, the Maya administered tobacco and hallucinogenic enemas for religious purposes, and also probably because they were bored. They were kind enough to leave behind stone reliefs and figurines documenting the deed—now we use web videos and blogs for similar purposes.
Lower gastrointestinal tract radiography or lower GI uses a form of real-time x-ray called fluoroscopy and a barium-based contrast material to help detect disease and abnormalities and diagnose symptoms such as pain, constipation or blood in the stool. It can often provide enough information to avoid more invasive procedures such as colonoscopy. Tell your doctor if there's a possibility you are pregnant and discuss any recent illnesses, medical conditions, medications you're taking and allergies, especially to contrast materials.
Although the treatments are sim ilar in approach and in their supposed health benefits, there are some key differences between colonics and enemas. Enemas involve a one-time infusion of water into the colon. By contrast, colonics, also known as colonic hydrotherapy or irrigation, involve multiple infusions.
An enemaalso known as a clysteris an injection of fluid into the lower bowel by way of the rectum. In standard medicine, the most frequent uses of enemas are to relieve constipation and for bowel cleansing before a medical examination or procedure;  also, they are employed as a lower gastrointestinal series also called a barium enema to check diarrhea,  as a vehicle for the administration of food, water or medicine, as a stimulant to the general system, as a local application and, more rarely, as a means of reducing temperature,  as treatment for encopresisand as a form of rehydration therapy proctoclysis in patients for whom intravenous therapy is not applicable. In other contexts, enemas are used by some alternative health therapies, used for enjoyment, chiefly as part of sexual activities, but also in sadomasochism, as well as simply for pleasure, used to intoxicate with alcohol, used to administer drugs for both recreational and religious reasons, and used for punishment.
When planning to put anything inside your anus, one of the most common worries is that of hygiene. While a lot of people like to just use the bathroom a little while in advance of their anal activities, and make sure they have a bit of a wash down there, some like to take it even further. This is where enemas come in.